What is Narrative ?
Syntagmatic structure refers the mode of time-awareness in which listeners are placed by the surface structure (syntax) of the narrative discourse.
A simple narrative is a story that is historically and culturally grounded and shaped by human personality. It organizes a particular stretch of time into a conscious experience.
Epic narratives are prolonged stories of the life of heroic or mythological persons. They create a cyclical state of recurrence. See Monomyth.
Lyrical narratives are stories conveyed in verses that are to be accompanied by music. The discourse uses elements of metre and symmetry and a relatively short time period.
The development of written narrative has produced a number of distinct fashions or literary styles of narrative discourse. Some common styles are:
An Autobiographical Novel is the fictionalized story of an author's life as seen by the author.
An Epistolary Novel is a story presented as an exchange of letters between characters.
A Historical Novel is a story set within the context of historical events. Protagonists may be fictional or historical personages, or a combination.
Hysterical Realism is a literary genre characterized by chronic length, manic characters, madding action, and frequent digressions on topics secondary to the story.
Magic Realism is a form of story that realistically describes events set in a magical haze of strange local customs and beliefs. Gabriel García Márquez is a master of this style.
A Pastiche is a literary form that openly imitates previous works of another artist, often with satirical intent.
A Picaresque Novel is an episodic narrative of the adventures of a rogue on the road. Tom Jones is a classic example.
Roman à clef is a story that describes real-life events behind a facade of fiction.
Satire is literary style in which human weakness is attacked through irony, derision, or wit.
Stream of Consciousness is a narrative discourse that proposes to reveal a character's inner thought processes.
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